The Atlantic Cod have a streamlined body shape typical of fish that are able to swim at moderate speeds over long distances. Their colouration varies between black, brown and red. They have three dorsal fins and two anal fins.
Haddock are an elongated fish with a forked tail, dark purplish-grey on their head and back and a black lateral line. They have three dorsal fins, the first triangular and the next two squarish. Their coloration gets lighter below their lateral line, becoming silvery grey with a pink tinge and white on their belly and under their head. They have a large, distinctive black spot over their pectoral fins.
Essentially northern, deep-water fish, cusk are relatively slow-growing and late-maturing. Males reach sexual maturity at around five years of age; females at seven. A cusk has an elongated body, a large head and a wide mouth. Several rows of sharp teeth line the fish's jaws, and a single barbel-or whisker-adorns the lower jaw. Body colouring varies from reddish- to greenish-brown shading to cream or white on the belly.
As members of the cod family, pollock have a fairly elongated body, with three dorsal fins and a slightly indented tail. Their dorsal area is greenish-brown, fading slightly and becoming yellowish or olive-green on their sides and silver-grey on their belly. They have a pale lateral line running across their body. Pollock are distinguished from similar fish by their projecting lower jaw with a small barbel and their pointed snout.
Also called ocean perch, even though it isn't a perch at all, redfish have a short body with a large head and wide, gaping mouth. They have a row of short dorsal spines followed by a flat dorsal fin and a small tail with a shallow indent. Adults range in colour from bright orange (S. marinus) to bright red (S. mentella).
Atlantic halibut have a compressed, oval-shaped body and usually have both eyes on the right side of their bodies with the left side being totally blind. They are greenish-brown to almost black on their eyed side. Juveniles might be slightly spotted or flecked and have white undersides, which become mottled with grey or reddish spots as they mature. Their mouths are very large and have numerous sharp curved teeth.
Winter flounder are oval-shaped fish, strongly compressed and with a fairly straight lateral line leading to a rounded tail. They have a small mouth with few teeth (sometimes none at all). Their body colour varies according to that of the ocean floor. Usually winter flounders are brown, reddish-brown or olive green-nearly black in some cases-with a pale white underside. Sometimes they are mottled or speckled. On the eyed side, their scales are rough.
Yellowtail flounder is a species of Atlantic flatfish. They are flat and ovate in shape, with a small, upturned mouth and eyes on the upper side of their body. They have a lateral line running across their body that arches after their gill opening. Their tail fin is rounded and, like their name implies, yellow. Yellowtails are good at camouflaging themselves, and their body coloration varies according to that of the ocean bottom.
Like other flatfish, American plaice are laterally compressed, with a body that is fairly oval-shaped and marked with a relatively straight lateral line. They have a large mouth, a rounded tail and a body covered with small, rough scales. Their coloration varies from brown to reddish-brown, sometimes with darker patches or spots, and is pale white on their underside.
Red hake is a member of the cod family (Gadidae) and is an important food fish. Their slender pelvic fins and fewer teeth distinguish them from silver hake. The many common names for this species include squirrel hake, white hake, mud hake, ling, merluche and codling.
Yellowfin are found in the tropical and sub-tropical waters of Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian oceans. The Yellowfin are a commercially harvested midsized tuna weighing as much as 200lb. Known for their beautiful sickle-shaped yellow dorsal and anal fins.
Silver hakes resemble other fish in the cod family. A few features distinguish them, such as their lean, elongated body and two dorsal fins (instead of three). Silver hake also have a protruding lower jaw that lacks the chin barbell many of their relatives have. Covered with large scales, their body is silver-grey on its sides, becoming darker on their dorsal region and lighter on their underside. Their shiny colour fades quickly once they are removed from the water, however.
Atlantic sea scallops are confined to the Northwest Atlantic, and ranges from the Northern Gulf of St. Lawrence to Cape Hatteras, North Carolina. It is normally found in waters between depths of 10 – 100 m. Fishable aggregations are found from the Virginia Capes to Port au Port Bay, NL with Georges Bank off of Nova Scotia being the world’s largest producer of Sea Scallops.
Swordfish are large, robust fish distinguished by their very long, pointed snout, from which they take their name. Aside from this feature, they generally resemble other species of tuna. They have a thick body that tapers considerably towards their tail fin, which is long and slender. On their back side is a large, curved dorsal fin close to their head, with two thin pectoral fins opposite it. Swordfish are olive brown on their dorsal side and white underneath. They can grow quite large, weighing as much as 100 kilograms.
With its pointed head, well-developed teeth and silvery sides, the Atlantic salmon is instantly recognizable. When at sea, the salmon's back varies through shades of brown, green and blue, and it has numerous black spots scattered along its body. When spawning, the fish becomes bronze-purple in colour and develops reddish spots on head and body.